This sculpture by Rudolph Valdec (1872-1929) won the First Prize at the competition organised by the Belgrade authorities in 1911 to commemorate the centenary of Dositej's death. The statue was first placed opposite the "Srpska kruna" ("Serbian Crown") hotel (now the Belgrade City Library), and later moved to the Students' Park. As the author did not complete this sculpture on time, the monument was erected as late as 1914.
The literary and historical portrait of Dositej Obradović (c. 1739/1742-1811) is one of the most important for the Serbian people's cultural identity. His educatior's and nationalistic work helped to bring spiritually together the intelligentsia of the 18th century, Karadjordje's insurgents, and in particular the Serbian youth who pursued its engaged activities almost to the beginning of World War I. Dositej ranks among the few men of letters whose collected works were published on several occasions. This contributed to the creation of vibrant publishing centres not only in Belgrade, but also among Serbs in Austro-Hungary (Zemun, Novi Sad). His literary work marked a major turning point and the inclusion of our literature into the European mainstream of the contemporary age of enlightenment. The work of Rudolph Valdec was executed in academic style photographically catching the moment Dositej, traveller and writer, steps into the future.