Model Stove

  • Era/Century: Prehistory
  • Culture: Vinča
  • Site: Progar
  • Dating: 4th Millennium B.C.
  • Material: terracotta
  • Technique: incising
  • Dimensions: height 6,3 cm
  • ID Number: AP 5741
  • Property: Belgrade City Museum
  • On Display: No

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This model stove of anthropoid shape belongs to a special group of miniature clay objects of specific use and is a rare find of the Vinča culture in Serbia. Its base is circular and it has an ellipsoid opening for the fire. On the front side of the calotte are moulded arms and incised crescent-shaped breasts. Presumably a head with the neck originally grew out of this mystical representation. The stove is undoubtedly a cult object personifying the deity of fire, guardian of the house, of the ancestors, and of the family. The model stove was also used as an altar, and it may have served as an amulet which people carried with them so that they might be at all times connected with their home and its hearth. The appearance of objects of this kind complements the picture of the spiritual life of prehistoric communities, of which only material traces have come down to us. It may be justly said that the more complex forms of religion which appeared in the later periods had deep roots in the Neolithic tradition.

Published in Prehistory


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