Roman Pottery

  • Era/Century: Antique
  • Site: Beograd
  • Dating: 1st-4th century
  • Material: terracotta
  • Technique: casting, potter's wheel
  • Dimensions: height 5.7 -30.1 cm
  • ID Number: АА 558, 676, 1003, 1129, 1133, 2686, 2690, 3026, 3046, 3048, 3059, 3063, 3424

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Pottery is the most common product of the Roman period. Numerous types of vessels have been discovered in Singidunum: jugs, plates, bowls, pots, incense-burners, urns, amphorae, pythoi, lids, miniature vessels, beakers. These forms were fashioned in three ways: by hand, on the potter's wheel, and in moulds. Red dye was used for colouring and painting, vessels were also decorated by other techniques: barbortine, incision, stamping, burnishing, glazing, marbling.

According to their use, they can be divided into three categories: luxurious ware, table vessels and kitchen vessels. The red luxurious ware (terra sigillata), decorated with relief ornaments, was imported to Singidunum from workshops in central Gaul, in Germany and in Italy. Food was served in bowls, on plates or saucers, next to which small beakers or jugs were placed. Large vessels, such as amphorae and pythoi, were used in the trade of oil, grain and wine. Ships with such goods frequently came to Singidunum and brisk trade took place on the bank of the Sava. Vessels have also been found in local workshops, which have been discovered at several places in the territory of Singidunum.

Published in Antiquity


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